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Toxicology

Genetic toxicology is an area of science in which the interaction of DNA-damaging agents with the cellÍ´s genetic material is studied in relation to subsequent effects on the health of the organism. Ecogenotoxicology (genetic ecotoxicology) is an approach that applies the principles and techniques of genetic toxicology to assess the potential effects of environmental pollution in the form of genotoxic agents on the health of the ecosystem. Genetic hazard assessment, thus, deals with changes in genetic material of organisms, either human or other natural origin (OSPAR, 2002). Several reviews demonstrate the presence and potency of genotoxins from a broad range of industrial and municipal effluents as cited by OSPAR. It is now clear that environmental genotoxicology holds the key to early detection and monitoring of pollution in aquatic environments, particularly when fish species are the test organisms. Fish serves as useful genetic model for the evaluation of pollution in aquatic ecosystems. Akpoilih BU, Fish Ecogenotoxicology: An Emerging Science, an Emerging Tool for Environmental Monitoring and Risk Assessment
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Last date updated on June, 2014

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