alexa Resuscitation Impact Factor | OMICS International | Emergency Medicine: Open Access

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Resuscitation

The first hour of a newborn’s life is fraught with difficulty. At birth many physiologic changes must take place for the fetus to make the transition from the intrauterine to extrauterine environment. In all newborns this includes clearance of lung fl uid, initiation of air breathing, conversion from fetal to adult circulation and thermal regulation. Recommendations regarding the fundemental issues of resuscitation of these infants are developed and disseminated by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation and other organizations. However, these recommendations frequently do not address the needs of the very low birth weight infant and do not address some of the nuances that might lead to improved outcome. Evidence-based interventions that were felt to be important in achieving better outcome in the delivery room for very low birth weight infants include: (1) Use of a checklist to prepare for all high-risk neonatal resuscitations, (2) Obtaining a pulse oximetry reading by 2 minute of life and continously monitoring the heart rate and oxygen saturation, (3) Maintaining normal temperature in very low birth weight infants, (4) Administering surfactant as soon as possible aft er birth for eligible infants, (5) Avoiding hypocapnia and hypercapnia by monitoring PaCO2 in the delivery room and (6) Improving teamwork and communication in the delivery room by use of briefi ngs, debriefi ngs and other methods. Th ese interventions with improved organization and teamwork as well as improved monitoring and respiratory support can potentially improve the outcome of these infants. These practices will be reviewed and the evidence behind these recommendations regarding the serious issues of neonatal resuscitation will be discussed during this presentation. Belma Saygili Karagol, Neonatal resuscitation: Stabilization, delivery room care and initial treatment of the very low birth weight infant
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Last date updated on June, 2014

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