"Microbial xylanases are of increasing interest due to their potential in biotechnological applications as converting of lignocelluloses in industry to sugar; ethanol or other useful substances, improving the nutritional quality of silage or green feed, deinking processes of waste papers and liquefying the fruits and vegetables. The multifunctional xylanolytic enzyme system is wide spread among fungi and bacteria but great potential of xylan assimilating Actinomycetes can be attributed to highly activity, thermo-stability and free of substantial cellulase activity. One relatively unexplored and new microbial niche is the inner tissues of higher plants, creating an
enormous biodiversity that can be isolated after surface sterilization. However in vitro, various endophytes exhibited high ability to produce various enzymes of biotechnological importance with new characters such as endophytic Micromonospora sp. Aya 2000, the recombinant strain Tahrir-25, Aspergillus sp. Jan 25, and
Aspergillus Sp. NRCF5 that have been reported as potent producer for the highly active keratinase, cellulase, glucoamylase, and xylanase enzymes with new characters. In spite of the enormous industrial importance,
the production of xylanase was hindered by the high cost of production. In order to curtail the production cost, one should use inexpensive substrates and follow an efficient fermentation process as solid state fermentation.
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Citation: El-Gendy MMA, El-Bondkly AMA (2014) Optimization of Solid State Fermentation and Leaching Process Parameters for Improvement Xylanase Production by Endophytic Streptomyces sp. ESRAA-301097. J Microb Biochem Technol 6: 154-166.
Last date updated on July, 2014