Among all the biometric techniques, fingerprint-based identification is the oldest method which has successfully been used in numerous applications. Everyone is known to have unique, immutable fingerprints. Fingerprint identification is based on two basic premises: (i) persistence: the basic characteristics of fingerprints do not change with time; and (ii) individuality: the fingerprint is unique to an individual. The skin of anterior surface of knee joint (patellar surface) bears flattened ridges and linear grooves in between and both form what can be called knee print.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014