"Recent studies reveal that ascomycete fungi establish an endosymbiotic association with marine algae. Akin to the endophytes of terrestrial plants in causing disease-free infections in their hosts, these fungi need to be studied with the same zeal as endophytes as they are a promising source of novel bioactive metabolites. The Fungal Endosymbionts of Macroalage (FEM) elaborate molecules exhibiting antitumour, antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, cytotoxic and other bioactivities. An Aspergillus sp. harboured by a marine alga elaborates antibiotics effective against methicillin resistant bacteria; FEM isolated from macroalgae of North Atlantic produce antibacterial and larvicidal metabolites.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
Last date updated on July, 2014