alexa Human Gastric Adenocarcinoma|OMICS International|Journal Of Neurology And Neurophysiology

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Gastric Adenocarcinoma

Gastric adenocarcinoma is the second leading cause of cancerrelated death world- wide, but the overall survival rate from the disease still remains poor due to the lack of effective treatment strategies, especially in advanced situations. Approximately 650 000 people die worldwide from gastric cancer every year. Epidemiological and interventional studies in humans, as well as experiments in rodents, have strongly linked H. pylori infection to the development of both types of distal gastric cancer. Surgery, i.e. gastrectomy with extended lymphadenectomy is the only curative option in early stages of gastric adenocarcinomas, and this treatment option is reasonable when the tumor has exceeded the mucosal layer. Tumor prognosis is favourable only in early stages of gastric cancer, and recent studies have revealed that tumors limited to the mucosa (T1m stages) can be resected endoscopically, since lymph nodes metastasis at this stage are extremely rare. A key role for gastric micro vascularisation during cancer progression is the vascular growth factor VEGF-A. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a multifunctional cellular factor which can induce neovascularization and increase capillary permeability. VEGF-A regulates important steps in angiogenesis and physiological vascularisation and controls a number of physiological processes like wound healing, ovulation, menstruation and pregnancy. There are four active isoforms of the VEGF-A molecule generated by differential splicing of which VEGF-A165 is the most common. The biological activity of VEGF-A is mediated by binding on VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 receptors, that are expressed on vascular endothelial cells; but also by binding on neuropilins located on vascular endothelium or neurons.
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Last date updated on July, 2014

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