Healthcare infrastructure is essential for effective operations of healthcare systems. An efficient facility location can save cost and improve the facility utilization. It is important to update the knowledge of methods and applications to locate healthcare facilities for different purposes. This paper provides an overview of methods and challenges for decision-making of the healthcare facility location to ensure an optimal solution. Cost and efficiency are two important criteria for healthcare services to minimize total traveling distance between patients and the healthcare facility. Uncertainty is recognized as an inevitable part of healthcare location problems. Reliability studies and sustainability should be considered in the location modeling. It is necessary to extend dynamic models to meet the trend of parameter changes over the time for decision-making. Considering the level of complexity and trend of needs for the healthcare facility, more research is required on the operation efficiency, patient safety and cost-effective solutions for the better resource utilization in the human-centered healthcare environment. The contribution of this paper is an overview of challenges and methods in the area to provide guidance for performance measures and improvements of healthcare facility location problems Wang L et al. Integrating Spatial and Aspatial Factors in Measuring Accessibility to Primary Health Care Physicians: A Case Study of Aboriginal Population in Sudbury, Canada.
Journal of General practice is a being a medical journal, mainly deals with health care systems and health professionals issues.
Last date updated on June, 2014