Genetically modified (GM) crops have been the most point of debate for the scientific community across the world and lot has been said and written about the future of these crops. What is still not clear to the general public is the safety of the genetically modified crops / food. Transgenic or gene cloning provides a new dimension to crop breeding by enabling direct changes to be made to the genotype of a plant, circumventing the random processes inherent in conventional breeding. Biotechnology companies exploit the potential of gene addition or gene subtraction for crop improvement. Calgene (USA) and ICI Seeds (UK) use the Antisense RNA approach as a means of genetically engineered tomato plants so that the fruit ripening process is delayed and other companies also claim to develop apples that wont rot. The anti-GM crop brigade has warned people against the use of GM crops. The countries that have been successfully growing and enjoying the benefits of GM crops since many years include USA, Argentina, Canada and Brazil. India has joined these nations in the past few years. The only crop that is under trial in India is Bt-cotton.
Last date updated on June, 2014