Epigenetics involves genetic control by factors other than an individual's DNA sequence. Epigenetic changes can switch genes on or off and determine which proteins are transcribed. Epigenetics is involved in many normal cellular processes.The term epigenetics refers to heritable changes in gene expression (active versus inactive genes) that does not involve changes to the underlying DNA sequence; a change in phenotype without a change in genotype. Epigenetic change is a regular and natural occurrence but can also be influenced by several factors including age, the environment/lifestyle, and disease state. Epigenetic modifications can manifest as commonly as the manner in which cells terminally differentiate to end up as skin cells, liver cells, brain cells, etc. or, epigenetic change can have more damaging effects that can result in diseases like cancer.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
OMICS Group is a scientific organization and online publishing house that drives the progress of research through freely available open access journals and international conferences. With 700+ peer-reviewed journals in its list and many expert reviewers and scientists in its editorial board OMICS Group is among the best open access publishers of the world. Also, OMICS Group organizes more than 3000+ International Scientific Conferences annually and provides eBooks, and additional services such as ScholarsCentral. OMICS Group has got support of more than 1000+ Scientific associations, 50,000+ editorial board members and 15 million readers.
Last date updated on December, 2020