Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is the most common form of hereditary colorectal cancer. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant syndrome, as a result of defective mismatch repair (MMR) proteins. HNPCC accounts for 2-5% of all colorectal carcinomas.There are a number of different inherited conditions that have a significant risk of colon cancer.It is estimated that 1550% of colorectal cancers are familial. A single gene, a combination of genes, or a combination of genetic and environmental factors can cause familial colorectal cancer. Typically these families have one or two members with a history of colorectal cancer or precancerous polyps.Inherited colorectal cancers are associated with a genetic mutation in a cancer susceptibility gene. Everyone inherits one susceptibility gene from each of their parents, making a total of two working copies of each gene. If a mutation in one copy of a cancer susceptibility gene is passed from the parent to their child, the child is predisposed (or has the potential) to develop cancer.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
OMICS Group is a scientific organization and online publishing house that drives the progress of research through freely available open access journals and international conferences. With 700+ peer-reviewed journals in its list and many expert reviewers and scientists in its editorial board OMICS Group is among the best open access publishers of the world. Also, OMICS Group organizes more than 3000+ International Scientific Conferences annually and provides eBooks, and additional services such as ScholarsCentral. OMICS Group has got support of more than 1000+ Scientific associations, 50,000+ editorial board members and 15 million readers.
Last date updated on July, 2014