Inheritance in man conforms to the same genetic principles, which govern inheritance in other animals and in plants. About 200 traits are transmitted from generation to generation in humans. These are called hereditary traits. These include dominant as well as recessive traits. Many human traits are transmitted in a simple Mendelian manner, while many others follow a non-Mendelian pattern shown when there is co-dominance, polygenes and sex-linked genes. Heredity refers to the genetic transmission of traits from parents to offspring. Heredity helps explain why children tend to resemble their parents, as well as how a genetic disease runs in a family. Some genetic conditions are caused by mutations in a single gene. These conditions are usually inherited in one of several straightforward patterns, including autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant, X-linked recessive, codominant, and mitochondrial inheritance patterns. Complex disorders and multifactorial disorders are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. These disorders may cluster in families, but do not have a clear-cut pattern of inheritance.
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Last date updated on January, 2021