The therapy that is mainly associated with the physical disabilities of elderly people is known as geriatric physical therapy. This includes helping the elderly who are suffering from some major physical disability and making them capable of moving their body parts in a usual manner as others. Geriatric physical therapy is for older adults to improve physical ability, their balance and strength, build their confidence, and remain active. Physical therapy can also help older adults to avoid falls, and to maintain their independence for long time.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014