|Obesity in adulthood is characterized by adipocyte hypertrophy. Adipose tissue participates in the regulation of energy homeostasis. High-fat diet-induced insulin resistance associated with obesity is a major risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Adipose tissue itself serves as the site of triglyceride (TG) storage and free fatty acid release in response to changing energy demands. Adipose tissue also participates in the regulation of energy homeostasis as an important endocrine organ that secretes a number of biologically active adipokines such as adipsin , leptin , plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 , resistin , TNF-Î± , and adiponectin . LPL is one such adipokine
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.