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Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined as recurrent arterial and/or venous thrombosis and obstetric complications in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The possibility of a genetic predisposition to develop antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and to produce anticardiolipin antibodies and lupus anticoagulant has been examined by family studies and population studies. Similar to many other polygenic autoimmune diseases, human leukocyte antigen associations have been reported. The genetics of ß2- glycoprotein I, one of the most representative target antigens of aPL, has been extensively studied. Additional genetic risk factors for the development of thrombosis in patients with aPL have also been discussed. Although the mechanisms and pathophysiology of thrombosis in APS are highly heterogeneous and multifactorial, different genes seem to be involved. Veysel Sabri Hancer, Genetics of Antiphospholipid Syndrome
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Last date updated on June, 2014

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