Hypernatremia refers to the condition where sodium levels in blood become abnormally low. The amount of water that's in and around cells is regulated by the Sodium which is an electrolyte. Underlying factors that are causing the Hypernatremia are due to the excess intake of water that causes the Sodium levels diluted which results in many health problems. Signs and symptoms of Hypernatremia include Loss of energy, Nausea, vomiting, confusion, irritability, restlessness, Muscle Cramps, Seizures etc.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.
Open Access rises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014