"The term forensic is from the Latin, meaning forum or a place where legal matters are discussed. The science of dentistry as related to the law is known as Forensic dentistry or Forensic odontology. The theory behind forensic dentistry is that no two mouths are alike. Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology involves dentists participation in assisting legal and criminal issues. It refers to the proper handling, examination and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice. Forensic identification by its nature is a multidisciplinary team effort relying on positive identification methodologies as well as presumption or exclusionary methodologies. Typically, this effort involves the cooperation & coordination of law enforcement officials, forensic pathologists, forensic odontologists, forensic anthropathologists, serologists, criminalistics, & other specialists as deemed necessary. Forensic dentistry has become an integral part of forensic medicine over the past 100 years. This has been due to the dedication of people like Amoedo, Gustafson, Sognaes, Keiser-Nielsen and Suzuki, Whittaker, Clement, to name but a few. They established the essential role which forensic dentistry plays mainly in the identification of human remains.
Forensic dentistry plays a major role in identification of those individuals who cannot be identified. Recent tragedies and past and present situations have increased awareness concerning the importance of forensic dentistry in identification of victims. To maximize dental application in forensic cases, it is necessary to train dentists in the practical aspects of forensic odontology. And there is necessity in exposing dentists to the basic principles and techniques of the subject. Hence dependence on latest technologies alone does not always help in solving cases and reversion to the conventional method may be required. Thus a combination of reliable conventional methods and potentialities of advanced sciences can make wonders in the Science of Forensic Dentistry.
Last date updated on July, 2014