|"Magnetic Resonance Imaging is a powerful and versatile imaging modality utilized in various medical fields. With the emergence of commercial medical MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING in the 1980s, several MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING applications, such as cardiac, abdominal, and cranial, started to evolve medical diagnostic imaging. Three-dimensional MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING assessment of morphology and function without ionizing radiation attracted attention in dental applications during 1980s. Dental applications of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, however; were sparse compared to other medical applications. Most work in the field of dental MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING aimed at imaging soft tissues, testing the potential of implant planning, and imaging of the morphology and function of the temporo mandibular joint.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING has not been commonly used for oral and maxillofacial imaging because the acquisition of the sequences can be negatively influenced by motion of the body, respiration, air in the oral cavity and nasal cells, implants and metal materials. However, the utilization of MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, enabled evaluation of spatial relationship between anatomic structures and intraosseous jaw lesions when CT imaging cannot provide clear depiction of the mandibular canal. MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING can also be useful to the typing of different expansive lesions, and to evaluate the possible infiltration of the soft tissue