Malaria is a parasitic disease caused by different species of Plasmodium (Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium knowlesi), transmitted by the Anopheles mosquitoes, so the condition for the disease is the existence of this vector. Because of this, the prevalence is high only in some endemic areas, where are the predisposing conditions for these vectors. Thatâs why in Europe, usually imported cases are registered. In some studies, many cases from Europe were registered in travellers from Africa, South America, Asia and only a few in the Middle East. The inadequate prophylaxis used for tourists and navigators in endemic areas was the principal cause of the mentioned cases. Prophylaxis must be done for all travellers in endemic areas.
Imported Malaria- Stela Halichidis.
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Last date updated on June, 2014