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The root of the word robot dates back to Karel Capek’s play Rossum Universal Robots (RUR) in 1921. This actually originated from the Czech word for “corvee”. Technologically speaking, robotics fall into two categories; these are namely: tele-manipulators, and the ability of numerical control of machines. The first types of Tele-manipulators were made of an arm and a gripper; this machine can be remotely controlled. The human gives instructions via his control device to control the arm and gripper’s movements. These types of robotics are used to handle radioactive material. However, the second type, Numeric control, is used to allow very precise control of machines in relation to a given coordinate system. This was first utilised at MIT in 1952. This type of robotics tipped to the first programming language for machines called Automatic Programmed Tools (APT). The amalgamation of the two types mentioned above resulted in the first programmable telemanipulators; moreover, these principles were first considered and fitted into industrial robots in 1961. Car construction plants are good examples of locations where these types of robotics remain useful. There was a desire to develop automated transportation and autonomous transport systems and production processes. Another type of robots that can move, called mobile robotics, are being built, and there is a particular type which is called insectoid robotics where the robots have many legs. These types are used for more autonomous purposes such working underwater. (Design an Arm Robot through Prolog Programming Language, Aram Azad)
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Last date updated on July, 2014

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