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The era of Digital Biology began in 2010 with the “rebooting” of a bacterial cell using a synthetic DNA genome created from a digital template stored on a computer. With this event, the creation of Mycoplasma laboratorium (nicknamed “Synthea”), came the first complete proof that DNA was the true software of life. Cells could be simulated digitally and the simulations could be tested against reality by reprograming cytoplasm with synthetic genomes generated from the digital DNA sequences driving those simulations. This in turn has created the expectation and promise that a deeper understanding of cellular function and thus life itself could be achieved on an infinite iterative loop of computer modeling and chemical synthesis. Key components of the digital biology loop are 1) a detailed digital mapping of living systems and their biomolecular parts and the interactions of such parts-biodigitization, 2) accessible databases containing/managing this biodata, 3) computer simulation algorithms of cells driven by digital DNA sequences encoding the biomolecular parts and interactions-biosimulation, 4) laboratory technologies to deeply analyze the resulting synthetic cells-biolab-and finally and centrally 5) the digital biological converter (digital bioconverter for short). In these early days of digital biology, each of these components presents exciting bioengineering, bioscience and biomedical challenges. (The Promise and Challenge of Digital Biology, Mark E Minie)
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Last date updated on July, 2014