Software engineering new findings are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that breaks into the market or society. Software engineering application Advent of computers and computational techniques as well as rapid advancements in the development of fast computing systems had significant contributions on enormous successes in investigations in the fields of aquatic ecology, environmental and/or water science/ engineering. Most of the computational outputs in the fields of water science are complex and not easily comprehensible by common people. As such different visual animation techniques have been used in the past for demonstrating complex computational outputs to common people. Through advancement of software technology, development of utility tools to create visualization of several ecological/environmental/hydraulic processes has become comparatively easy. Through charismatic colour schemes, these visualizations often produce significant impressions to the end-users and audience. People tend to forget the accuracies of these visualization clips/videos, often not demonstrated along with sufficiently acceptable scientific supporting accuracy protocol/measurements. In regards to nature of investigations can be broadly categorised in to three categories: 1) physical water science, 2) chemical water science and 3) biological water science. All of these categories usually have close interactions, however in early days computational tasks predominantly dealt with the physical water science mainly due to following reasons: many of the chemical and biological processes were unknown, most of the chemical and biological processes are complex and concerns on water quality was not that prominent. However, with the ever increasing urbanisation and increase in population, water quality (WQ) issues becoming more and more critical. For the investigations of most of the water quality issues chemical and biological water sciences are inter-related. Physical water science problems can be dealt independently, however chemical and biological water science problems require solutions on physical science matters as well, unless the concerned system is closed and non-dynamic/stagnant.
Last date updated on December, 2020