Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.The Journal of Information Technology & Software Engineering is a peer-review journal. As a next prerogative of Information Security Control, Access control is implemented to people authorized to access the information. The three steps of access controls are: Identification, Authentication and Authorization. The Identification step ensures that the person claiming to grant access in genuine. To implement this, unique user names are used. Authentication is the verification of the claim of the identity. Some of the things used for authentication are passwords, biometric identification systems and magnetic cards. Authorization is the definition or granting or denial of access under certain conditions upon validation of authentication. There are three approaches to access control: non-discretionary approach, discretionary approach, mandatory access control approach. The non-discretionary approach is the access to information depending on the role and actions performed by an individual in the organization. Discretionary approach gives only the creator of the information access. Mandatory access approach depends on the security category of the information that is intended to be accessed. Another recently popular, efficient and recently developed security strategy is Cryptography. Cryptography is the process of making the information unusable to anybody other than the owner himself. This was mainly developed to prevent accidental disclosure of the information and to prevent modification of information while in transit or storage. The encrypted content can be decrypted by using the cryptographic key that only the owner possesses.
Last date updated on June, 2014