Intellectual Property Rights is a controversial term referring to a number of distinct types of expressions for intellectual property rights include copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and trade secrets in some jurisdictions. Indigenous knowledge refers to the knowledge of naturally available resources and existing practices among community groups that have long-contributed a particular benefit for the sustenance of the group, particularly within the health care context. Indigenous knowledge reaches beyond the use of plants, encompassing empirical observations and their interaction with community groups, and a system of classification and careful management of the resource. Indigenous knowledge often includes a belief system in spiritual entities and their relationship with the group. Thus, rather than a detailed compilation of information about plants, it becomes a worldview-what we understand and study as culture. For most indigenous peoples, good health represents a state of equilibrium among spiritual, communal and individual; it is not merely the absence of disease.
A journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles, reviews, editorials, short communications, letters, and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Journals contain articles that peer reviewed, in an attempt to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on June, 2014