Integrating a curriculum is a complex process. It is differentially understood and experienced by students and faculty, and can refer to instructional method, content, faculty work or synthesis of knowledge in the minds of learners. It can occur at different rates and some subjects are integrated more easily than others. An integrated curriculum holds much promise for raising students, who will be able to apply their school-acquired knowledge to their work and to their personal development. Integrated curricula have been widely adopted, fuelled by dissatisfaction with the way basic sciences have been taught as individual disciplines with no clinical application and by growing recognition that the traditional instructional modes no longer meet current demands for interdisciplinary inquiry and practice in medicine . At the same time, cognitive theories of learning suggest that an integrated approach to education may have important benefits for learning and retention because it facilitates contextual and applied learning, and can promote development of the well-organized knowledge structures that underlie effective clinical reasoning. Traditional pre-clerkship curricula, with each science discipline offering its content from within a departmental silo, frequently fail learners as they advance to the clinical years. Information presented without robust cross-links and ties to clinical applications, and tested in isolation from related subject matter, has proven difficult for students to recall after the transition to clinical clerkships.
The top open access journals are freely available on the public internet domain, allowing any end users to read, download, copy, distribute, prink, search or link to the full texts of the articles. These provide high quality, meticulously reviewed and rapid publication, to cater the insistent need of scientific community. These journals are indexed with all their citations noted. The top open access journals are indexed in SCOPUS, COPERNICUS, CAS, EBSCO and ISI.
Last date updated on June, 2014