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Cerebral Microdialysis

Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) involves placement of a small catheter into the brain parenchyma, either during surgery or through a burr hole, secured by a cranial bolt. Extracellular concentrations of ischemic metabolites, such as lactate and pyruvate, can then be measured. The lactate: pyruvate ratio is currently the best marker of the brain redox state and an early biomarker of secondary ischemic injury. Glycerol, a marker of cell membrane damage, and glutamate, an excitatory amino acid, provide additional evidence of developing brain injury. CMD has been used, in the NICU arsenal of multimodal monitoring, to monitor patients with TBI and sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). There are several journals related to Cerebral microdialysis is Internal Medicine Open Access journal. Internal Medicine: Open Access is a peer reviewed medical journal that includes a wide range of fields on areas and creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises peer reviewing for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing.
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Last date updated on June, 2014