Functional gastrointestinal (GI) and motility disorders are the most common gastrointestinal disorders in most of the people. Due to these disorders there is activity limitation in 1 out of 4 people. About 41% of gastrointestinal problems cases observed by doctors and therapists are accounted by these conditions. The term "functional" is generally refers to disorders where the body's normal functions in terms of the sensitivity of the nerves of the intestines, movement of the intestines, or the way in which the brain controls some of these functions is impaired. However, structural abnormalities are not observed by performing x-ray, endoscopy, or blood tests. Thus it is identified by the characteristics of the symptoms and not frequently, when needed, limited tests. The Rome diagnostic criteria have defined symptom based diagnostic criteria for each category and categorized the functional gastrointestinal disorders.
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Last date updated on January, 2021