Despite increasing complexity of neurosurgical procedures; they have become safer over the last few decades which can be clearly attributed to rapid advancement in technology coupled with dramatic improvement in radiological imaging. Functional imaging assesses brain function in real time and uses the neuroimaging technology to measure an aspect of brain function, often with a view to understand the relationship between activity in certain brain areas and specific mental functions. Clinical functional studies such as direct Electrocortical Stimulation testing (ECS) and intracarotid amytal (Wada) testing which were once considered âgold standardâ are now complemented by newer, less invasive techniques, such as functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.
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Last date updated on August, 2021