Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering is one of the top journal in Irrigation and Drainage Systems Engineering Journals. Irrigation is often studied together with drainage, which is the natural or artificial removal of surface and sub-surface water from a given area. water is required for agriculture. sometimes this water requirement is fulfilled by rain, but there are some dry areas where irrigation is the only process by which water is supplied to crops. The Irrigation and Drainage Systems Engineering is a scientific journal published by the OMICS Group. Irrigation has been a central feature of agriculture for over 5000 years, and was the basis of the economy and society of numerous societies, ranging from Asia to Arizona. Irragation can be termed as the artificial process of applying water to the soil to help in growing agricultural crops or maintaining the landscapes when there is shortage of natural water by rain. Additionally, irrigation also has a few other uses in crop production, which include protecting plants against frost, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation. In contrast, agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dryland farming. Irrigation in agriculture, artificial watering of the land. Although used chiefly in regions with annual rainfall of less than 20 in. (51 cm), it is also used in wetter areas to grow certain crops, e.g., rice. Estimates of total irrigated land in the world range from 543 to 618 million acres (220 to 250 million hectares), almost half of them in India, Pakistan, and China. The United States had almost 60 million acres (23.8 million hectares) of irrigated farmland in 1991. Drainage in agriculture, the removal of excess water from the soil, either by a system of surface ditches, or by underground conduits if required by soil conditions and land contour. Diesel or centrifugal pumps are sometimes used to drain large areas. Drainage was practiced in the Nile basin c.400 B.C. and in ancient Rome. Today drain pipes of clay, concrete, or plastic, laid several feet underground, are much used in the United States, where c.110 million farm acres (44.5 million hectares) were artificially drained in 1987. Proper drainage improves soil structure; increases efficiency of phosphorus fertilizer; conserves soil nitrogen; and controls waterlogging, leaching, and salinization of soils caused by irrigation. Irrigation systems are also used for dust suppression, disposal of sewage, and in mining. Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering uses from OMICS Group are an open access journal named as Irrigation and Drainage Systems Engineering which strives to release issues quarterly and is adamant to publish new findings related to the field of Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering. The mission of the Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering uses provides a forum for publishing new findings on Engineering principles and technology. Currently our primary research objective is to encourage and assist the development of better and faster measures of Engineering activity. In cases where we believe we can contribute directly, as opposed to through highlighting the work of others, we are producing our own measures of Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering.
Last date updated on June, 2014