Actinomycoses is a granulomatous infection caused by actinomycetes, of which the most common is Actinomycesis raelii. It is a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium, a saprophyte found in the buccal cavity, oropharyngeal mucosa, and the tracheobronchial airways, the digestive system, and the female genitourinary tract. The bacteria can become pathogenic in the presence of mucosal lesions. Pelvic infections are rare and account for less than 5% of cases of actinomycoses. This histopathological mechanism of migration is thus linked to a mucosal break from prolonged use of an IUCD, or by trauma caused during its insertion or removal.
Last date updated on June, 2014