Skin diseases are called as dermatological infections which in turn referred to as dermatitis. Skin infections can be caused different microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Some external factors such as environmental factors, allergens and irritants cause the condition. Psoriasis is the fungal skin infection that leads to patchy skin. There are some genetic evidences of diseases transmission through inheritance. Impetigo is the common skin infection caused by bacteria. Leprosy is another ancient disease caused by mycobacterium leprae in which skin colour turn pale. Onychomycosis is the fungal infection caused to nail. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on June, 2014