Coccidiodomycosis is commonly known as cocci. It is also known as valley fever. also known as California fever, desert rheumatism and san Jaoquin valley fever. It is a mammalian fungal disease caused by Coccidiodes posadasii. Mostly this disease is found in Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico,Texas and Northern mexico. The symptoms include influenza-like illness with fever, cough, headaches, rash and joint pain. The fungus was also recently found in south-central Washington. People can get valley fever by breathing in the microscopic fungal spores from the air, although most people who breathe in the spores donât get sick. Usually, people who get sick with valley fever will get better on their own within weeks to months, but some people will need antifungal medication. It is difficult to prevent Coccidioidesin exposure but the people who are at higher risk for valley fevr should tryu to avoid breathing in large amounts of dust. Scientists identified few differences between the 2 species of Cocidioides, and the manifestations of infection with either organism are assumed to be identical. It spreads beyond the lungs in appr.0.6% of the infections of general population. Dissemination can be Many other organs can also be involved ,but it has a predilection for lungs, skin, soft tissue, joints and CNS especially Meninges which is a grave complication.
Last date updated on September, 2014