Law is a system of rules that are enforced through social institutions to govern behaviour. Laws can be made by legislatures through legislation (resulting in statutes), the executive through decrees and regulations, or judges through binding precedent (normally in common law jurisdictions). Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including (in some jurisdictions) arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution (written or unwritten) and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
Peer reviewing is a process where experts from a particular field evaluating the work done by other of the same discipline. Peer review methods have been designed to maintain standards of quality, credibility and performance. In this process, journals forward the suitable manuscripts submitted for publication to evaluators of similar competence. These members are qualified and generally of the same profession within the relevant field. Peer review is generally categorized basing on the type of activity, field in which it has been submitted. Once the manuscript is submitted to the journal, the editor of the journal would assign the manuscript to an expert in the field. Usually 4-5 reviewers are consulted for this purpose and based on the reviewer workload and interest, a reviewer may accept or reject the invitation. Once manuscript is assigned to a reviewer, the reviewer would be giving their evaluation to the editor indicating all the strong points, weakness and suggestions if possible. This reviewers comments can be viewed by author for their knowledge on manuscript quality.
Since the editors possess are appointed on the basis of their contribution to the field, they select the best persons to enrich the manuscript. In peer review referees evaluation normally includes recommendation to strengthen the manuscript according to the latest developments as the reviewer would be an expert in the field concerned followed by the editor views.
Last date updated on June, 2014