The applications of management are limitless. Management deals with the use of results to suggest policy for both these enterprises, relevant organizations and government. The creation of new organizations is among the most important forces of social and economic development. New organizations promote growth and development, advance new technologies, redefine products and processes and, in some cases, create entirely new industries. Witness the success of such firms as Facebook, Google, Amazon and others. While most would agree on the importance of new organizations, there is little agreement about how or whether we can predict their birth. Most organizations undergo a life cycle not dissimilar to product life cycles.
Market globalization and attention to safety requirements of the product and work force have motivated businesses to study the phenomenon of reorganization by processes and ergonomics, in such a way as to make the organizations more competitive, guaranteeing their survival. There is no clear mention in the written work on the subject of the relationship between reorganization and ergonomics, but it is known that the first requires the second, but the reverse, at times, is not the case. The key element for the transformation of the requirements of the final product market is the organizational structure and its various related processes. Structure is understood as levels of horizontal and vertical differentiation, their coordination and controls. It becomes necessary to think of an organizational structure as a perfect alignment between its basic components, such as its people, and services strategy. This alignment, increasingly suffers the influence of the dimensions of time, quantity, quality and safety. The pressure for time and quantity should be balanced by the need for quality and safety. Quality and safety are not only linked to the characteristics of the product, but also to the personnel. It is at this point that ergonomics enters as a fundamental element.
Last date updated on July, 2014