"Marine sciences are a fascinating, vast and very dynamic set of sciences which involve a great number of scientists, engineers, technologists and other professionals working on the understanding, conservation, and resources exploitation of the oceans. Marine sciences include and integrate fields on oceanography, coastal management, archeology, engineering, aquaculture, fisheries and biotechnology, among others. Oceanography represents a very particular approach to the integrated analysis of the oceans. It is a relatively younger science, if we compare it with the basic sciences. First oceanographic surveys date from the end of the 18th century, due to the interest of naturalists like J. Cook, C.W. Thomson, J. Murray and C. Darwin to describe the biodiversity of the oceans, the changes in their physical and chemical properties and their geological characteristics. Since then, the objectives of the oceanography cover the physical, chemical, biological and geological study of the oceans, and certainly, many of its present research areas can be considered as applications of basic sciences to the marine environment. Furthermore, challenges such as new species identification or the determination of geomorphologic evolution remain equally valid for both continental and marine environments.
Javier Alcantara-Carrio; Hazards and Disasters Management: A Present Challenge for Marine Sciences." Scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further progress of science, usually by reporting novel research. There are thousands of scientific journals in publication, and many more have been published at various points in the past. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that are peer reviewed, to ensure that articles meet the journal's standards of quality, and scientific validity. The publication of the results of research is an essential part of the scientific method. If they are describing experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record.
Last date updated on July, 2014