The endocrine system is an arrangement of glands so as to release and produce hormones that helps to control many vital body functions, particularly the body's ability to change calories into energy that powers cells and organs. Endocrine diseases are disorders of the endocrine system. Endocrinology is a branch of medicine associated with endocrine disorders. Endocrine disorders are frequently quite complex that involves a mixed picture of hyper secretion and hypo secretion because of the feedback systems involved in the endocrine system. The endocrine system controls how the heart beats, how tissues and bones grow. It plays an important role in whether or not develops thyroid disease, diabetes, sexual dysfunction, growth disorders and other hormone-related disorders. The glands of the endocrine system release specific hormones into the bloodstream. These hormones travel throughout the blood and other cells and help in controlling and coordinating many body processes. The deviation in the hormone levels either too high or too low may leads to hormonal disorder. These Hormone diseases may also occur if the body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Changes in the blood's fluid, Stress, electrolyte imbalance, and infection can also affect hormone levels. Common endocrine disorders comprise of diabetes mellitus, Addisonâs disease, Acromegaly, Cushingâs syndrome, Gravesâ disease, Hashimotoâs thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and Prolactinoma. Endocrine disorders affect many parts of the body, often have extensive symptoms and can range from mild to very severe. Endocrine disease may also due to the development of tumours (such as nodules or lesions) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect hormone levels. Treatments depend on the specific disorder but often focus on adjusting hormone balance using synthetic hormones.
Last date updated on November, 2020