The prevalence of GDM and Type 2 diabetes in pregnancy are increasing with the epidemic of obesity. Gestational diabetes is complicates 0.15% to 12.3% of pregnancies with wide variation in the incidence of gestational diabetes reported among ethnic groups. The prevalence of GDM among Kaiser Permanente Colorado (KPCO) members doubled from 1994 to 2002 (2.1-4.1%, P <0.001), with significant increases in all racial/ethnic groups. The trend toward older maternal age, the epidemic of obesity and diabetes, and the decrease in physical activity and the adoption of modern lifestyles in developing countries have all contributed to an increase in the prevalence of GDM. GDM is associated with significant future risk of permanent diabetes in the mother, obesity and diabetes in the offspring in gestational diabetes there are health implications for both the mother and infant who remain at risk for a number of complications, especially adverse fetal outcome such as embryopathy, spontaneous miscarriages, macrosomia, shoulder dystocia and stillbirth. There is a strong association between maternal diabetes in pregnancy and impaired cognitive outcome.
Journal Article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article, or a Scholarly Research Article. Together, journal articles in a particular field are often referred to as The Literature.
Journal articles are most often Primary Research Articles. However, they can also be Review Articles. These types of articles have different aims and requirements. Sometimes, an article describes a new tool or method.
Last date updated on July, 2014