Dietary fiber has been shown to effectively regulate both IR and T2DM. Fiber has the unique ability to adsorb certain molecules within the gastrointestinal tract. Enzymes involved with carbohydrate digestion may be affected by viscous fibers creating a wall that hinders their action as a catalyst. Fiber viscosity is particularly important by temporarily suspending glucose assimilation, slowing transfer time, lowering blood glucose concentrations, and having a positive influence upon hormone responses, such as insulin and glucagon-like peptide 1, ultimately influencing nutrient uptake. In addition to these unique features, data from epidemiological studies discovered a inverse correlation with insoluble fiber intake and developing T2DM.
Last date updated on July, 2014