The term heart attack, inclusive of Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) and myocardial infarction (MI) is based on symptoms, Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities and biomarkers. In an attempt to engage laypeople and non-experts, the term kidney attack has been introduced to refer to Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). Acute kidney injury is a clinical syndrome associated with increased morbidity and mortality making early recognition critical in patient management. The consensus definition of AKI is based on changes in serum Creatinine (sCr) or urine output (UO). However, it has been long recognized that perturbations in sCr and UO can be induced by pathophysiologic processes that do not cause injury (e.g. volume depletion); just as cardiac output can be decreased by pathophysiologic process unrelated to cardiac ischemia (e.g. bradycardia or volume depletion). Similar to the approach used to differentiate ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) from non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), a new classification schema of AKI has been proposed. With the advent of robust novel AKI biomarkers, subclinical AKI (a rise in novel AKI biomarkers alone) is analogous to an NSTEMI, while clinical AKI (a rise in AKI biomarkers and significant perturbation in SCr or UO) is analogous to STEMI.
Journal of Metabolic Syndrome works hard to ensure that all published material is objective, fair and courteous.
Journal Article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article, or a Scholarly Research Article. Together, journal articles in a particular field are often referred to as The Literature.
Journal articles are most often Primary Research Articles. However, they can also be Review Articles. These types of articles have different aims and requirements. Sometimes, an article describes a new tool or method.
Last date updated on September, 2021