This study is about the investigation of possible cardiovascular or renal organ damage in HIV patients with confirmed high blood pressure by means of instrumental cardiovascular investigation and renal function evaluation. A total of 265 consecutive patients accessing our outpatient facility were enrolled in the study. Patients with confirmed pathological pressure values or high normal values were submitted to clinical and instrumental monitoring by 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), to derivation of 12-lead ECG registration, to echocardiography and to epi-aortic vessel echo-color-Doppler. The ECG and echocardiographic data were compared to a control group of 40 hypertensive HIV-negative subjects. Renal damage was evaluated by means of the microalbuminuria/creatininuria ratio on a spot urine sample, plus 24-hour albuminuria and proteinuria measurements. 61 (23.0%) of the subjects examined were hypertensive: 24 (39.3%) had a previous hypertensive diagnosis but had never been treated for this condition, and 37 (60.7%) had a new diagnosis; In 100% of cases, 24-hour ABPM confirmed the hypertension and 27.8% of the patients resulted non-dippers. The ECG showed left ventricle overload, V4-V6 strain, or left ventricular hypertrophy in 64.3% of cases compared to 35.7% in the control group. Echocardiography demonstrated increasing in left ventricle parietal thickness with concentric remodeling and hypertrophy in 85.2% of patients.
Open access Journal of Metabolic Syndrome is a bimonthly journal publishing original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. which serve open access scientific community in the areas of Metabolic Syndrome.
Last date updated on July, 2014