|Multiple sclerosis is a chronic and debilitating autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that affects approximately 400,000 individuals in the United States and 2 million individuals worldwide. The early diagnosis of the disease helps to hopefully stop the diseases progression. The various testing procedures include MRI, CT scan, spinal tap or a variety of blood tests. The diagnosis of the disease is based on McDonald criteria. There are several autoimmune disorders which mimics the disease so final confirmation is done through blood tests.
Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel âroadsâ towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is âself-archivingâ (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals.