The nontuberculous mycobacteria are a large group of acid fast bacteria that are very widely scattered in the environment. The diseases caused by mycobacterium species other than mycobacteria tuberculosis such as cutaneous TB, leprosy are referred to as atypical mycobacterium. While once confirmed as innocuous, the high frequency of Mycobacterium avium as a cause of disseminated disease in HIV-positive individuals illustrated their potential as pathogens. More recently there is growing evidence that the incidence of M.avium and related nontuberculous species is increasing in immunocompetent individuals. The same has been observed for M.abscessus, an infection that is very difficult to treat; accordingly the study focuses primarily on the two vital pathogens. Similar to M.tuberculosis, the host response to these infections is of the TH1 type, but there are some subtle and as yet unexplained variations.The Scientific Societies have trusted in OMICS peer-reviewed journals and attributed strongly towards supporting OMICS in their drive of helping the scientific community grow by impeding the barriers of healthcare and scientific information.
Last date updated on June, 2014