Tuberculosis is a common disease in the developing world and its incidence is slowly increasing in developed countries where a resurgence has been seen subsequent to the AIDS epidemic. The development of abdominal tuberculosis is independent of pulmonary disease in most patients, with a reported incidence of coexisting disease varying from 5 to 36%. Up to 12% of patients infected with tuberculosis may have involvement of abdominal organs. Tuberculosis of the digestive tract may involve any part from the esophagus to the anus. Intra-abdominal tuberculosis usually involves the liver, spleen, bowel, peritoneumcommonest site being the ileo-caecal area. Atypical resentations of gastrointestinal tuberculosis are more likely in immunocompromised individuals.
Last date updated on July, 2014