Tuberculosis is caused by MTB and is one of the âmost dangerousâ infectious diseases; it claimed about 1.8 million victims in 2008 and there were estimates of 9.4 million new cases that year (3.6 million of whom are women), including 1.4 million cases among people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The MTB bacillus is slow growing and has a complex cell wall. Mycobacterium smegmatis is an aerobic fast-growing, which is same like Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has the ability to adapt to microaerobiosis by changing from growth to a non-multiplying or dormant state. Though the molecular mechanism of dormancy is not understood completely, various hypotheses have been formulated to explain it. the researchers had a new insight in the knowledge of M. smegmatis dormancy, by identifying and characterizing the genes involved in its behavior. Mycobacterial Diseases is an scholarly Open Access journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the Tuberculosis and Leprosy and making them freely available worldwide.
Last date updated on June, 2014