A nanoparticle (or nanopowder or nanocluster or nanocrystal) is a microscopic particle with at least one dimension less than 100 nm. Nanoparticle research is currently an area of intense scientific research, due to a wide variety of potential applications in biomedical, optical, and electronic fields. Nanoparticles are of great scientific interest as they are effectively a bridge between bulk materials and atomic or molecular structures. A bulk material should have constant physical properties regardless of its size, but at the nano-scale this is often not the case. Size-dependent properties are observed such as quantum confinement in semiconductor particles, surface plasmon resonance in some metal particles and superparamagnetism in magnetic materials. The properties of materials change as their size approaches the nanoscale and as the percentage of atoms at the surface of a material becomes significant. For bulk materials larger than one micrometre the percentage of atoms at the surface is minuscule relative to the total number of atoms of the material.
Journals are the means of disseminating research findings. They help the common man to explore the discovery made by scholars. Journals play a very important role in maintaining periodical record of events and help us in collecting information and thus streamlining our knowledge. Generally, journals refer to collection of Scholarly articles that are published regularly and are peer reviewed. As its peer reviewed it enhances the collaborative efforts from scholars. Internationally published journals accelerate scientific research by increasing quality, competency and credibility. They increase the performance of each and every scholar there by contributing a lot to scientific community.
Last date updated on September, 2014