|When an object breaks into two parts or pieces or gets separated in two different parts due to stress then that is the situation which we call a fracture. There are two common types of fracture; they are brittle fracture and ductile fracture. It can be a bone fracture, ligament fracture, etc. It can be diagnosed by x ray or other imaging techniques.
Scholarly peer review is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform reasonably impartial review.