Neuropharmacology means the study of drug affect on the cellular function in the nervous system. Behavioral neuropharmacology and molecular neuropharmacology are the two main branches. Behavioral neuropharmacology focus on the study of drugs affect on human behavior (neuropsychopharmacology), including the study of drug dependence and addiction affect on the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology is the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions, with the objective of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function. These two fields are closely connected, since they are concerned with the interactions of neurohormones, neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, neuropeptides, second messengers, enzymes, ion channels, co-transporters, and receptor proteins in the peripheral and central nervous systems. By the study of these interactions, researchers are developing drugs to treat different neurological disorders like pain, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, addiction, psychological disorders and many others. Neuropharmacology is an extensive science that encompasses several aspects of the nervous system from single neuron manipulation to the complete areas of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
Last date updated on June, 2014