Without the necessity of a surgical procedure, disc herniations can be treated with a minimally-invasive procedure using ozone. Muto suggested intradiscal injection of ozone for disc hernia in 1998 under CT guidance, and Leonardi popularized fluoroscopy guided ozone injection into the intervertebral disc. Ozone modifies the core of the intervertebral disc in such a way that the disc herniation resolves. The treatment is carried out under local anaesthesia, and ozone is introduced through a fine needle into the intervertebral disc without the need to open the spinal canal. The micro-therapy is carried out under the precise guidance afforded by computed tomography or C arm. Under a skilled practitioners hand, scar formation is minimal or non-existent. The procedure takes between 20 and 30 minutes. A Hospital stay and postoperative physiotherapy are not necessary.
Scholarly journal is a peer-reviewed journal in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published. Scholarly journals serve as forums for the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original research, review articles, and book reviews. The term Scholarly journal applies to scholarly publications in all fields; this article discusses the aspects common to all academic field journals.
Last date updated on August, 2021