Leadership can be defined as a multifaceted process of identifying a goal or target, motivating other people to act, and providing support and motivation to achieve mutually negotiated goals. Often the definitions of the words leader and manager are not rare confused. Traditional managers have assigned roles and titles within an organization, as they carry out specific functions, duties and responsibilities. Leaders do not necessarily have any delegated authority. They function within a variety of formal and informal roles. An individual can be a great leader but not a manager. Conversely, an individual can be a manager but not possess many leadership skills. Thus the nursing leadership does not rest merely with administrators and high-level managers, but also can be developed and implemented at the bedside. Nurses are likely to engage in a range of leadership activities in their daily routine. Some will naturally adopt an effective leadership style, while others may find the concept of leadership or seeing themselves as leaders difficult to understand. Effective leadership is critical in delivering high-quality care, ensuring patient safety and facilitating positive staff development.
Review articles are the summary of current state of understanding on a particular research topic. They analyze or discuss research previously published by scientist and academicians rather than reporting novel research results.
Review article comes in the form of systematic reviews and literature reviews and are a form of secondary literature. Systematic reviews determine an objective list of criteria, and find all previously published original research papers that meet the criteria. They then compare the results presented in these papers. Literature reviews, by contrast, provide a summary of what the authors believe are the best and most relevant prior publications.
The concept of "review article" is separate from the concept of peer-reviewed literature. It is possible for a review to be peer-reviewed, and it is possible for a review to be non-peer-reviewed.
Last date updated on June, 2014