Osteoporosis is a condition reducing of bone mass, density and raise of risk of fracture. Thinning of bones leads to painful fractures. Factors include aging being female, low body weight, menopause, smoking and also medication. This can be prevented by taking osteoporosis medication, vitamin D, calcium and exercise. High-impact journals are those considered to be highly influential in their respective fields. The impact factor of journal provides quantitative assessment tool for grading, evaluating, sorting and comparing journals of similar kind. It reflects the average number of citations to recent articles published in science and social science journals in a particular year or period, and is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field. It is first devised by Eugene Garfield, the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information. The impact factor of a journal is evaluated by dividing the number of current year citations to the source items published in that journal during the previous two years.
Last date updated on September, 2014