|Obesity is a medical situation in which excess body fat has stored to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. In Western countries, people are measured obese when their body mass index (BMI), a dimension obtained by splitting a person's weight by the square of the person's height, exceeds 30 kg/m2, with the range 25-30 kg/m2 defined as overweight. Some East Asian countries use stricter criteria.
Peer review refers to the work done during the screening of submitted manuscripts and funding applications. This process encourages authors to meet the accepted standards of their discipline and reduces the dissemination of irrelevant findings, unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations, and personal views. Publications that have not undergone peer review are likely to be regarded with suspicion by academic scholars and professionals.